Multi Zone Process Monitor

Here is an ancestor of the product in the earlier post. It is a Process Scanner and Indicator. There was no control, but there were individual alarms for each channel.

Multi Zone Process Monitor

This is a original design of mine, obsolete now due to size and technology. The inspiration of the product concept was from a Omega Catalog Item. Even today i use the Omega catalog for inspiration, but i do not design complete products, only circuit sections.

The Omega catalog was introduced to me by the MD of a firm i worked in as a R&D Engineer in my young engineer like days. He used to call me and show a catalog product and ask me if i could build something like that. I would then design it working both at home and office, sometimes even in the night, it was just the enthusiasm or creating something new.

I even built the first Pneumatic Tyre Inflater with the help of the CNC director for that firm, this product won a national award in the nineties. I left the firm on a trivial issue which i never disclosed. It was Exhibition time, many new products were not complete, they asked me to make Mockup Dummy Instruments for demonstration only, overnight. I ran away.

Read more about Control Instruments at my pages here

Learn Digital Power – Hands-On Example

Flextek Electronics located at Carlsbad-CA have created a design that helps a design engineer understand the intricacies of digital supply design using a Micrcontroller. – delabs

8-Buck Converter Design Kit enables customer to build, program, test, and analyze a Buck converter controlled by 8-bit PIC Micro. Highly integrated components execute control functions through firmware algorithms that are converted to analog circuits for analysis and intuitive understanding

. Learn Digital Power - Hands-On Example

The 80W converter has 12V input with output adjustable from 1V to 11V on a through-hole PCB measuring 3.6″ x 1.5″. Key performance parameters include 92% efficiency and 12mVrms ripple at 156KHz switching frequency.

Flextek Electronics

“Flextek Electronics has extensive expertise in electronic controls, closed-loop control systems, embedded real-time controllers, analog circuits and power management, as well as software development.”

LM335 Cold Junction Compensation

Temperature Sensors like Thermocouples need cold junction compensation as a part of front end signal conditioning, this is done at the terminal block where the Thermocouple wires are terminated. This design has to be more accurate and broad, if the design we make has to work well in both Tropical and Temperate Climate Zones.

LM335 Cold Junction Compensation

Another Method using a Copper Resistor

If wires of two dissimilar metals are joined at both the ends and the junction formed at one of the ends, is heated more than the other junction, a current flows in the circuit due to Seebeck thermal emf. This effect is used in thermocouple temperature sensors.

The Peltier effect is the converse of above Seebeck effect, which means that if a current is forced through junctions of dissimilar metals, the junction will generate heat or absorb heat (cooling) depending on direction of the applied emf. This effect is used to make portable and small refrigerators. Thermocouple Temperature DPM - DMM

Thermocouple Temperature DPM – DMM

MAX1561 – 26V Step-Up Converters – Maxim IC

The MAX1561 and MAX1599 include an internal, high-voltage, low-RDS(ON) N-channel MOSFET switch for high efficiency and maximum battery life. A single DualMode input provides a simple means of brightness adjustment and on/off control.

MAX1561 – 26V Step-Up Converters – Maxim IC

“High-Efficiency, 26V Step-Up Converters for Two to Six White LEDs”

MAX1561 - 26V Step-Up Converters - Maxim IC


Fast 1MHz (500kHz for the MAX1599) current-mode, pulse-width modulated (PWM) operation allows for small input and output capacitors and a small inductor while minimizing ripple on the input supply/battery. Programmable soft-start eliminates inrush current during startup.

Some Features –

  • Accurate Current Regulation for Uniform Illumination
  • High Efficiency Up to 87%
  • 2.6V to 5.5V Input Range
  • 0.3µA Shutdown Current
  • 26V (max) Output with Overvoltage Protection
  • Up to 900mW Output Power with Internal 30V MOSFET Switch

Why Drive White LEDs with Constant Current? – Maxim

Here you can understand how to drive white LED’ s for flashlight or Internal lamp. I have tried substituting for tubelights and bulbs. These LED’s are amazing. The amount of light at even 100mW is phenomenal. The future is indeed LED Lights. But more Amber component is required in LED to give the warm feeling of an Edison Lamp.