CD4093 Quad NAND Schmitt Trigger

The CD4093B consists of four Schmitt-trigger circuits. Each circuit functions as a 2-input NAND gate with Schmitt-trigger action on both inputs. The gate switches at different points for positive and negative-going signals.

CD4093 – Quad 2-Input NAND Schmitt Trigger

The difference be-tween the positive (VTa) and the negative voltage (VTb)isdefined as hysteresis voltage (VH). All outputs have equal source and sink currents and con-form to standard B-series output drive.

CD4093 Quad NAND Schmitt Trigger

CD4093 is a very useful chip, as it has a Schmitt-trigger and it is a nand, cmos, low power.  It can be even made to function like an amp in some configurations. It was used in debouncing circuits, oscillator circuits and input signal conditioning of digital circuits.

DMM range and AC-DC mode Logic

If you had a train of square pulses from a magnetic sensor or proximity sensor. You could use this as a monostable or singleshot to reject noise and get a clean square wave from a messy input.

Quad-Differential-Comparator-LM339-TI

These devices consist of four independent voltage comparators that are designed to operate from a single power supply over a wide range of voltages. Operation from dual supplies also is possible, as long as the difference between the two supplies is 2 V to 36 V, and VCC is at least 1.5 V more positive than the input common-mode voltage.

Quad General Purpose Differential Comparator – LM339

An application from an old TI datasheet showing the versatility of this comparator. For me it was a workhorse and like LM324 was used in many products.

Quad General Purpose Differential Comparator - LM339
Current drain is independent of the supply voltage. The outputs can be connected to other open-collector outputs to achieve wired-AND relationships.

Differential to TTL convertor using LM339

  • Single Supply or Dual Supplies
  • Wide Range of Supply Voltage:
  • Low Supply-Current Drain Independent of Supply Voltage… 0.8 mA Typ
  • Low Input Bias Current …25 nA Typ
  • Low Input Offset Voltage . . . 2 mV Typ
  • Common-Mode Input Voltage Range Includes Ground
  • Differential Input Voltage Range Equal to Maximum-Rated Supply Voltage . . . ±36 V
  • Low Output Saturation Voltage
  • Output Compatible With TTL, MOS, and CMOS

RF Microwave and Wireless Data Communication

The days of Voice Communication are coming to an end. In fact it has been happening in the background all along. It is Digital Replacing Analog Everywhere. Voice is now data. In the future Voice Communication is just an App you need to buy as an option.

Whatever the struggle between technologies, The future communications will be just Broadband Wireless Devices with Voice, Data and Web all in one. The intermediate technologies we see today, the Transitional Technologies are part of a Large Learning Curve. The future may be more of Optics, WiMax and more like Any Device can do Anything. Not Convergence but more an Intermeshed Collage.

RF Microwave and Wireless Data Communication

This RF is also a Tough Science and needs Authentic and Highly Skilled Engineers to design and develop the technologies for the future. The Budget of the Average consumer will be less, the appetite enormous. The Business Models complex and very challenging. The customer potential is 100% and it will work only if it is affordable and planned carefully. It is not as easy as it looks.

Read and Learn More –

Time and Frequency Circuits and Articles including frequency synthesis and conversion.Spreadsheets/ Programs to calculate pll response, phase noise under vibration, and others.Wenzel Associates Technical Library

Resources for Radio, Radar, RF, Microwave, & Wireless Engineering. Collection of links to various application notes for different RF Vendors. Links to RF equations, technical data sheets, math notes and much more. RF Cafe – Microwave & Wireless Engineering

Cellular and PCS phones, pagers and two-way radios, radio spectrum. Wireless Telecommunications FCC

“The IEEE WCET certification shows that the individual has demonstrated mastery of the internationally recognized body of wireless communication knowledge…” IEEE WCET – Wireless Communications

RF chips, white papers, FCC, a variety of specialty books on various wireless/ spread spectrum / RF areas, and a wide range of other information.Spread Spectrum Scene Online

A collection of exceptional resources that will prove useful in your spread spectrum and other wireless projects, ranging from spread spectrum & CDMA tutorials, theory, and circuit diagrams, to development tools, OEM products, and consultants. Spread Spectrum and RF Resources

More Reading

With the Wi-Fi and WiMAX becoming essential in Intranet and Internet Networks, and as new low power consumption tablets, netbooks and webbooks become commonplace; RF Microwave learning is important for designers.

It is almost like, every person is a potential user for a Handheld Computer. Which is not only a communicator but more important, News, Knowledge and Information is at his fingertips. This is an empowerment that makes a better worker, student, citizen or a businessman.

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