Clean rooms and Dust free environment is a must for Precision Mechanical Engineering. It is not MEMS or nano sizes, even micron sizes accuracy in parts can be affected by Dust and Humidity.
In Electronics, Timepiece Manufacturing, Medical Equipment and Scientific Apparatus companies. Clan Rooms ensure long term reliability and safety of the products not to forget Precision.
EE Design Library – Electronic Product Design Resource.
Even if a Place is partially Dust free, it is better to have all objects with the least surface area. The way Motors are designed, Interiors of houses even a Machine
You can enclose objects with many contours and unclean-able surfaces within a Spherical or Cubical Transparent Cover, this is easy for inspection and cleaning.
Dust, Oil, Sand and Humidity makes Grime. Never allow Rodents and Roaches in the Workplace they are larger than 100 microns.
Resources – Electronic Firms and Electronic Projects.
Tools and Equipment must be maintained free of rust/corrosion and exposure to brine or chemical fumes. Metal tools must be cleaned, oiled and stored in dry places when not in use.
This is a Crude Costing Formulae based on my Ideas which is called “Gut-Feel Thumb-Rule Methodology.” Even Though i am probably the only follower of this popular System, I am sure it is worth a casual Look.
RM – Raw Material Cost SP – Selling Price to Distributor
Reserves are for Dry days, Employee Fund is to reduce Attrition and Layoff. I was costing the products as a Proprietor, Managing Director and as an R&D Engineer too.
This post is just to enlighten you of the intricacies involved. It is merely the Tip of the IceBerg. You will need a Spreadsheet and lot of foresight and hindsight to make a practical costing.
This rule is for products made in good numbers. Large scale production costs may go down. Custom designed products made in small numbers the price may double. The cost of Engineering and IP has not been taken to consideration. It has been covered by a 10% Research Cost.
All this assuming we make products of reasonable quality and reliability. Build a reputation by good customer service when the product fails. So this will add into the cost depending upon the organization.
The grey areas in this costing are “Sourcing quality Raw Materials and Parts”. Designing and Engineering “Reliable and Robust Products” . Customer Support at site or field may be expensive and warranty too.
Better to be Honest, Transparent and build a Brand Reputation for a Long Term company Success.
For an T&M Learning, Start with these tutors of NI. Like Analog Amplifier Circuits and Analog RC Filters. RF and Microwave Fundamentals if you want to be good at Communication Technologies. Sensor, DAQ and Instrument Fundamentals for Industrial Automation Learning.
Measurement Fundamentals – National Instruments
National Instruments Wi-Fi DAQ devices combine IEEE 802.11 wireless or Ethernet communication, direct sensor connectivity, and the flexibility of NI LabVIEW software for remote monitoring and control of electrical, physical, mechanical, and acoustical signals.
NI Wi-Fi DAQ features and to learn how you can simplify wireless remote measurements without compromising on the security or performance of a cabled data acquisition solution.
You can learn about every niche/domain in Electronic Technologies. You also need to Specialize in a niche which resonates within you. The skill sets need to be broad, in case you find less opportunities in the specialization you have. This keeps changing all the time.
Robotics, Mechatronics, Nanotechnology and RF-Optics will define an Advanced Environment for Man. – Automated, Efficient and Connected.
Electric + Solar Scooters, Bikes & Cars, Mini Electric Rickshaws and Bionic Horse Carriages consume & digest Organic Material to Ethanol.
Present Internet Zap is only 10% of what it is going to be. The future of the web is all encompassing and frees communication, media & info.
LED Lighting is more important than you think it is. Start Using Alternative Energy, like Wind Power and Solar, Tidal and even Magmatic.
Ultra Low power Netbooks, Laptops, Tablets and Nettop Clients. Combined with a Resource Pooling and Sharing Community Cloud with hosted Apps
Both Consumer Computing & Enterprise Computing needs to go Green. It is not a Novelty but it is a Serious Preparatory Strategy for a Future
Yes there is life beyond 2020 on Earth but not on Mars
That Bionic Horse i was talking about
A consulting firm that specializes in EMC design, troubleshooting and training services to commercial and industrial manufacturers with global distribution in the consumer, computer, network & telecommunications, industrial and scientific industries.
Kenneth Wyatt – EMC design and training services
DIY 6 GHz comb generator by Kenneth Wyatt
Most simple DIY comb generators seem to run out of steam about 1 GHz. I recently ran into David Bowman’s 2.4 GHz circuit and measured an upper usable range of about 6 GHz. While greatly attenuated above 3 GHz, this circuit should still be valuable for measuring semi-anechoic chambers in the GHz ranges.
Wyatt Technical Services, LLC
56 Aspen Dr. Woodland Park, CO 80863, USA
The Canadian Standards Association is a not-for-profit membership-based association serving business, industry, government and consumers in Canada and the global marketplace.
Safety and Health Standards – CSA
CSA Group works closely with leading independent agencies and associations to promote safety standards in North America and around the world.
CSA marks confirm that a product has been tested and has met the applicable standards for safety & performance as outlined by ANSI, UL, CSA, NSF and more.
CSA Marks & Labels for North America
Special inspection for electrical health care products – “Your electric health care product is tested against the provincial guidelines Field Approval of Health Care Equipment plus any applicable CSA Group health care product standard requirements.”
Field Certification & Field Evaluation Programs
“These programs allow CSA labels to be applied to a limited run of products in the field, where ever they are used or installed in the U.S. and Canada.”
178 Rexdale Blvd. Toronto, ON Canada M9W 1R3
The CE marking is required for many products. It states that the product is assessed before being placed on the market and meets EU safety, health and environmental protection requirements.
CE marking – Enterprise and Industry
The CE marking (also known as CE mark) is a mandatory conformity mark on many products placed on the single market in the European Economic Area (EEA).
CE – Conformite Europeenne – Safety Standards
CE marking signifies that the product conforms with all EC directives that apply to it. For example, most electrical products must comply with the Low Voltage Directive and the EMC Directive; electrical toys must also comply with the Toy Safety Directive.
CE – European Economic Area – EEA – Safety mark
“It is the manufacturer’s responsibility to carry out the con- formity assessment, to set up the technical file, to issue the EC declaration of conformity and to affix CE marking on a product. Distributors must verify the presence of both the CE marking and the necessary supporting documentation. If the product is being imported from a third country, the importer has to verify that the manufacturer outside the EU has undertaken the necessary steps and that the documentation is available upon request.”
6 Steps to CE marking for your product – PDF