The glue/interface Logic families are many. TTL and CMOS is what we all know. TTL is made of the trusted NPN and PNP transistors. CMOS logic is made of Mosfets/FET types.
Making a Logical Choice in Speed-n-Power
CD40XX and Intersil chips were the first CMOS types of IC that became popular. The former were versatile Building Blocks and the Latter created what i would call Flexible Advanced Public ASICs.
CMOS are low power consumption and TTL are nice Speed. In intel chips you could see the transition at 8031 to 80C31, a CMOS with good speed. Now its CMOS everywhere. FET’s rule.
Leroy has created an amazing page that helps you make a choice. I like HCT but these days it appears ACT is better and affordable too.