The Intersil ICL7135 precision A/D converter, with its multiplexed BCD output and digit drivers, combines dual-slope conversion reliability with ±1 in 20,000 count accuracy and is ideally suited for the visual display DVM/DPM market. The 2.0000V full scale capability, auto-zero, and auto-polarity are combined with true ratiometric operation, almost ideal differential linearity and true differential input. All necessary active devices are contained on a single CMOS lC, with the exception of display drivers, reference, and a clock.
ICL7135 Device Information
- Accuracy Guaranteed to ±1 Count Over Entire ±20000 Counts (2.0000V Full Scale)
- Guaranteed Zero Reading for 0V Input
- 1pA Typical Input Leakage Current
- True Differential Input
- True Polarity at Zero Count for Precise Null Detection
- Single Reference Voltage Required
- Overrange and Underrange Signals Available for Auto-Range Capability
- All Outputs TTL Compatible
- Blinking Outputs Gives Visual Indication of Overrange
- Six Auxiliary Inputs/Outputs are Available for Interfacing to UARTs, Microprocessors, or Other Circuitry
- Multiplexed BCD Outputs
See related delabs projects
The ICL8038 waveform generator is a monolithic integrated circuit capable of producing high accuracy sine, square, triangular, sawtooth and pulse waveforms with a minimum of external components. The frequency (or repetition rate) can be selected externally from 0.001Hz to more than 300kHz using either resistors or capacitors, and frequency modulation and sweeping can be accomplished with an external voltage…. The chip is available in some stores, not in production. (This is another chip of intersil i used for many things – delabs)
ICL8038 Device Information
- Low Frequency Drift with Temperature 250ppm/oC
- Low Distortion 1%(SineWave Output)
- High Linearity 0.1%(Triangle Wave Output)
- Wide Frequency Range 0.001Hz to 300kHz
- Variable Duty Cycle 2%to 98%
- High Level Outputs TTL to 28V
- Simultaneous Sine, Square, and Triangle Wave Outputs
- Easy to Use – Just a Handful of External Components Required
Everything You Always Wanted to Know About the ICL8038
Use in Phase Locked Loops – Its high frequency stability makes the ICL8038 an ideal building block for a phase locked loop as shown in Figure 9. In this application the remaining functional blocks, the phase detector and the amplifier, can be formed by a number of available ICs (e.g., MC4344, NE562).
The linearity of input sweep voltage versus output frequency can be significantly improved by using an op amp as shown in Figure 10.
The LM111, LM211 and LM311 are voltage comparators that have input currents nearly a thousand times lower than devices like the LM106 or LM710. They are also designed to operate over a wider range of supply voltages: from standard ±15V op amp supplies down to the single 5V supply used for IC logic.
LM311 – Voltage Comparator
Both the inputs and the outputs of the LM111, LM211 or the LM311 can be isolated from system ground, and the output can drive loads referred to ground, the positive supply or the negative supply. Offset balancing and strobe capability are provided and outputs can be wire ORed.
- Operates from single 5V supply
- Input current: 150 nA max. over temperature
- Offset current: 20 nA max. over temperature
- Differential input voltage range: ±30V
- Power consumption: 135 mW at ±15V
Related Resources –
Voltage Comparator Information And Circuits
This page provides basic information about voltage comparator integrated circuits and is to act as reference material for other circuits. The circuits shown are based on the LM339 Quad Voltage Comparator chip or the LM393 Dual Voltage Comparator chip. These devices are functionally the same. The LM311 Voltage Comparator can be used for these applications as well but it also has a number of unique features.
Comparators and Schmitt Triggers
An LM311 in a comparator circuit is shown at the right, with the pin numbers for the connections. The open-collector output is at pin 7, and the ground for this transistor is at pin 1. It is shown pulled up to the logic voltage of +5 with a 1k resistor, which is typical. The output of the LM311 can sink 8 mA. A comparator’s output is essentially binary, YES or NO.
These devices consist of four independent voltage comparators that are designed to operate from a single power supply over a wide range of voltages. Operation from dual supplies also is possible, as long as the difference between the two supplies is 2 V to 36 V, and VCC is at least 1.5 V more positive than the input common-mode voltage.
Quad General Purpose Differential Comparator – LM339
An application from an old TI datasheet showing the versatility of this comparator. For me it was a workhorse and like LM324 was used in many products.
Current drain is independent of the supply voltage. The outputs can be connected to other open-collector outputs to achieve wired-AND relationships.
Differential to TTL convertor using LM339
- Single Supply or Dual Supplies
- Wide Range of Supply Voltage:
- Low Supply-Current Drain Independent of Supply Voltage… 0.8 mA Typ
- Low Input Bias Current …25 nA Typ
- Low Input Offset Voltage . . . 2 mV Typ
- Common-Mode Input Voltage Range Includes Ground
- Differential Input Voltage Range Equal to Maximum-Rated Supply Voltage . . . Â±36 V
- Low Output Saturation Voltage
- Output Compatible With TTL, MOS, and CMOS
“There is a long gap between engineering college and mid career in a non-engineering position, but technology marches on so a simple method of keeping abreast with the latest developments is required. This application note starts with an overview of the basic laws of physics, progresses through circuits 1 and 2, and explains op amp operation through the use of feedback principles.”
Basic Analog for Digital Designers – Application Note
AN9510.2 October 19, 2004 – This is an Analog Reference for the Embedded Engineer. An Application Note from Intersil Tech Reference.
- Basic Physics Laws, Circuit Theorems and Analysis
- Ohm’s and Kirchoff’s Laws
- Voltage and Current Dividers
- Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorems
- Networks in the Feedback Path
- Types of Opamp Configurations
- Video Amplifiers
Some algebra, the basic laws of physics, and the basic circuit laws are adequate to gain an understanding of op amp circuits. By applying these tools to various circuit configurations it is possible to predict performance. Further in-depth knowledge is required to do op amp design, and there are many sources where this knowledge can be obtained. Don’t hesitate to try some of these tricks on your local circuit design engineer, but be aware that it may result in a long lecture about circuit design.
ICL7107 DPM and DVM chip from Intersil
The Intersil ICL7106 and ICL7107 are high performance, low power, 31/2 digit A/D converters. Included are seven segment decoders, display drivers, a reference, and a clock. The ICL7106 is designed to interface with a liquid crystal display (LCD) and includes a multiplexed backplane drive; the ICL7107 will directly drive an instrument size light emitting diode (LED) display.
3-1/2 digital display for +/- 199.9mV
- Guaranteed Zero Reading for 0V Input on All Scales
- True Polarity at Zero for Precise Null Detection
- 1pA Typical Input Current
- True Differential Input and Reference, Direct Display Drive
- LCD ICL7106, LED lCL7107
- Low Power Dissipation – Typically Less Than 10mW
3-1/2 Digit DPM ICL7107 Digital Panel Meter
This is one of the first mixed CMOS IC, I used it after studying Intersil CMOS Hot Ideas Book. It is also the most widely used Display chip. Many Millions of Instruments are built using this chip both in Instrumentation and Industrial Automation. The ICL7106 was most popular in Hand Held DMM’s and Clamp Meters as it used to drive a LCD Display. ICL7109 was to interface with Digital Comparators and Microprocessors
ICL7109 12-Bit A/D Converter with 3-State Binary Outputs
Ever wanted to develop a Professional High Speed DAQ or a Storage Oscilloscope or even a High Speed Communications grade Logic Analyzer. Here is a front end Analog Mixed Chip with Eval Board.
You could make a High Speed Test Instrument and probably build a tablet app front end. How would a 200 M Hz Oscilloscope look on you 10 inch tablet. You will float in the clouds. – delabs
The DRS chip is a full custom Integrated Circuit developed at PSI, Switzerland. It contains a switched capacitor array (SCA) with 1024 cells, capable of digitizing eight analog signals with high speed (6 GSPS) and high accuracy (11.5 bit SNR) on a single chip.
DRS4 Evaluation Board – Paul Scherrer Institut
By using channel cascading, we can configure this board with 2048 bins for each channel at the expense of a lower analog bandwidth of about 500 MHz. The on-board comparators enables the board to do a self-triggering on a programmed level of any of the input channels or logical combination of channels, much like an oscilloscope.
Highlights of Board with One DRS4 chip
- Four 50-Ohm terminated input channels with SMA connectors
- Active input buffers which result in an analog bandwidth of 700 MHz (-3dB).
- One AD9245 ADC to digitize signals from the DRS4 chip
- One Xilinx Spartan 3 FPGA for readout control
- A 16-bit DAC to generate all on-board control voltages
- A serial EEPROM containing serial number and calibration information
- Internal trigger with user-defined thresholds on any of the four channes.