The CD4093B consists of four Schmitt-trigger circuits. Each circuit functions as a 2-input NAND gate with Schmitt-trigger action on both inputs. The gate switches at different points for positive and negative-going signals.
CD4093 – Quad 2-Input NAND Schmitt Trigger
The difference be-tween the positive (VTa) and the negative voltage (VTb)isdefined as hysteresis voltage (VH). All outputs have equal source and sink currents and con-form to standard B-series output drive.
CD4093 is a very useful chip, as it has a Schmitt-trigger and it is a nand, cmos, low power. It can be even made to function like an amp in some configurations. It was used in debouncing circuits, oscillator circuits and input signal conditioning of digital circuits.
DMM range and AC-DC mode Logic
If you had a train of square pulses from a magnetic sensor or proximity sensor. You could use this as a monostable or singleshot to reject noise and get a clean square wave from a messy input.
“There is a long gap between engineering college and mid career in a non-engineering position, but technology marches on so a simple method of keeping abreast with the latest developments is required. This application note starts with an overview of the basic laws of physics, progresses through circuits 1 and 2, and explains op amp operation through the use of feedback principles.”
Basic Analog for Digital Designers – Application Note
AN9510.2 October 19, 2004 – This is an Analog Reference for the Embedded Engineer. An Application Note from Intersil Tech Reference.
- Basic Physics Laws, Circuit Theorems and Analysis
- Ohm’s and Kirchoff’s Laws
- Voltage and Current Dividers
- Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorems
- Networks in the Feedback Path
- Types of Opamp Configurations
- Video Amplifiers
Some algebra, the basic laws of physics, and the basic circuit laws are adequate to gain an understanding of op amp circuits. By applying these tools to various circuit configurations it is possible to predict performance. Further in-depth knowledge is required to do op amp design, and there are many sources where this knowledge can be obtained. Don’t hesitate to try some of these tricks on your local circuit design engineer, but be aware that it may result in a long lecture about circuit design.
CD74HCT373 – High Speed CMOS Logic Octal Transparent Latches with 3-State Outputs
The ‘HCT373 devices are octal transparent D-type latches. When the latch-enable (LE) input is high, the Q outputs follow the data (D) inputs. When LE is low, the Q outputs are latched at the logic levels of the D inputs.
From – 74HCT373 Texas Instruments
What it can do ?
This is like a Byte of Memory, A Byte means 8 Bits. A Bit Means one Input or Output Pin of an IC, Which understands Logic 1 is High and Logic 0 is Low.
The HCT works well with old TTL and CMOS families. This takes very less Power (battery lasts longer). It switches very fast (the computation is done faster). Its got good symmetrical output drive. Means Source and Sink both nice.
When you run out of ports I/O in your favorite uC, This guy will come to your rescue. Simple way is to Put four of this and Interconnect or Bus their Data inputs D0-D7. Then Connect this Bus to 8 Ports of our uC Chip. Enable the Output of all of them. Use 4 ports from your uC to latch each one with the data you want to be outputted. Now you have 8×4 32 Bits output. This comes at a small cost, the clock time, but negligible. In the same way you can enhance the Input ports, use the 373, the other way around with OE.
This all means more Keys, Sensors, Motors, Relays can be accommodated. By Multiplexing Matrix even more can be achieved. You can also expand Analog Inputs using Analog Multiplexers. Try CD4051 or even FETs.
ICM7217 is a four digit, presettable up/down counter with an onboard presettable register continuously compared to the counter. The ICM7217 is intended for use in hard-wired applications where thumbwheel switches are used for loading data, and simple SPDT switches are used for chip control.
Digital Timers, Counters and Clocks has some of my designs using chips like this.
This circuit provides multiplexed 7 segment LED display outputs, with common anode or common cathode configurations available. Digit and segment drivers are provided to directly drive displays of up to 0.8 inch character height (common anode) at a 25% duty cycle. The frequency of the onboard multiplex oscillator may be controlled with a single capacitor, or the oscillator may be allowed to free run. Leading zeros can be blanked. The data appearing at the 7 segment and BCD outputs is latched; the content of the counter is transferred into the latches under external control by means of the Store pin.
See an Application of 7217 as a Preset Counter which is used in Process Control
Features of Chip
- Four Decade, Presettable Up-Down Counter with Parallel Zero Detect
- Settable Register with Contents Continuously Compared to Counter
- Directly Drives Multiplexed 7 Segment Common Anode or Common Cathode LED Displays
- On-Board Multiplex Scan Oscillator
- Schmitt Trigger On Count Input
- TTL Compatible BCD I/O Port, Carry/Borrow, Equal, and Zero Outputs
- Display Blank Control for Lower Power Operation; Quiescent Power Dissipation <5mW
- All Terminals Fully Protected Against Static Discharge
- Single 5V Supply Operation
This is another Intersil Masterpiece in days when using uP was complex and uC was not available.A 8085 could be used but with many supporting chips and it consumed power. This was a CMOS innovation low on power and just one ASIC had the fexibility for many digital operations.A ThumbWheel and Display Interface completed a Gadget.
The Proteus Design Suite is wholly unique in offering the ability to co-simulate both high and low-level micro-controller code in the context of a mixed-mode SPICE circuit simulation. With this Virtual System Modelling facility, you can transform your product design cycle, reaping huge rewards in terms of reduced time to market and lower costs of development.
Labcenter Electronics – Proteus Design Suite
Co-simulation of microprocessor software within a mixed mode SPICE simulator.
- Available for PIC, 8051, AVR, HC11, ARM7/LPC2000 and Basic Stamp processors
- See your code interact with simulated hardware in real-time.
- Interactive peripheral models for displays, keypads, etc.
- Over 8000 analogue and digital device models.
- Extensive single step and debugging facilities including system wide diagnostics.
- Works with popular compilers and assemblers.
Proteus Virtual System Modelling (VSM) combines mixed mode SPICE circuit simulation, animated components and microprocessor models to facilitate co-simulation of complete microcontroller based designs. For the first time ever, it is possible to develop and test such designs before a physical prototype is constructed.
Custom IC layout, Schematic Capture, Languages such as VHDL and Verilog. An Open-source Electronic Design Automation, EDA.
Electric VLSI Design System EDA
Electric EDA of Static Free Software written by Steven M. Rubin
“Electric has many analysis tools, including design-rule checking, simulation, and network comparison. Electric has many synthesis tools, including routing, compaction, silicon compilation, PLA generation, and compensation.”
Electric is a sophisticated electrical CAD system
Electric is a sophisticated electrical CAD system that can handle many forms of circuit design, including. Custom IC layout ASICs, Schematic drawing, Hardware description language specifications.
This is a framework for interactive simulation on OO Java. Consists of a graphical editor, the discrete-event based simulation engine(s), libraries of simulation components, a design and library browser, and tools like waveform viewer and scripting shell..
Hamburg Design System – Hades Java
It is a tool for teaching basic digital systems design, and for research on system-simulation and hardware/software-cosimulation. All simulation models, signal types, and the simulation kernels can be subclassed, so that Hades can be used for other applications as well, not limited to digital electronics.
Hades applet collection.
“The current version of the Hades editor also includes a runtime flag to switch to view-mode: while all of the simulation functions and the option to change component parameters remain active, the editor disables all commands that change the circuit structure. Therefore, view-mode is ideal to let the user play with pre-defined circuits.”