TinyOS for Wireless Embedded Sensor Networks

TinyOS is an open-source operating system designed for wireless embedded sensor networks. It features a component-based architecture which enables rapid innovation and implementation while minimizing code size as required by the severe memory constraints inherent in sensor networks.

TinyOS’s component library includes network protocols, distributed services, sensor drivers, and data acquisition tools. An open-source OS for the networked sensor regime.

TinyOS for Wireless Embedded Sensor Networks

TinyOS has been ported to over a dozen platforms and numerous sensor boards. A wide community uses it in simulation to develop and test various algorithms and protocols. – Official TinyOS Website

This is a nice OS for a Distributed Industrial Automation Implementation. Data Logging Systems. It is an open-source operating system designed for wireless embedded sensor networks on a BSD license.

eXtreme Scale Mote

Design of a Wireless Sensor Network Platform for Detecting Rare, Random, and Ephemeral Events

eXtreme Scale Mote

The XSM platform integrates an Atmel ATmega128L microcontroller, a Chipcon CC1000 radio operating at 433MHz, a 4Mbit serial ?ash memory, infrared, magnetic, acoustic, photo and temperature sensors, weatherproof packaging, a bootloader, and a “Golden Image” program that incorporates system management, network programming, and low-power listening…..

Contiki – Open Source Multi-Tasking OS

Contiki is an open source, highly portable, multi-tasking operating system for memory-efficient networked embedded systems and wireless sensor networks. Contiki has been used is a variety of projects, such as road tunnel fire monitoring, intrusion detection, water monitoring in the Baltic Sea, and in surveillance networks.

Contiki – Open Source Multi-Tasking OS

Contiki is designed for microcontrollers with small amounts of memory. A typical Contiki configuration is 2 kilobytes of RAM and 40 kilobytes of ROM.

Contiki provides both full IP networking and low-power radio communication mechanisms. For communication within wireless sensor network, Contiki uses the Rime low-power radio networking stack.

The M-12 module from Redwire is a fast and easy way to create a 6LoWPAN, Zigbee, or general 2.4GHz 802.15.4 device without additional RF design or certifications and without the need for an external host microcontroller. This is a Hardware for Contiki.

Instant Contiki
is a complete development environment in a single-file download: a virtual machine with all Contiki software development tools installed. All that is needed to start using and developing Contiki software is the free VMWare Player software, 4 Gb free hard drive space, and the Instant Contiki development environment.

Updated Oct 2013

Contiki is an open source operating system for the Internet of Things. Contiki connects tiny, low-cost, battery-operated and low-power systems to the Internet.

The Internet of Things is a collection of technologies that connect things-sensors and actuators-to the Internet, allowing the physical world to be accessed through software.

FreeRTOS – Portable Open-Source Mini RT Kernel

FreeRTOS is the cross platform de facto standard for embedded microcontrollers. FreeRTOS is designed to be simple and easy to use: Only 3 source files that are common to all RTOS ports, and one microcontroller specific source file are required, and its API is designed to be simple and intuitive.

FreeRTOS – Portable Open-Source Mini RT Kernel

Scaleable real time kernel designed specifically for small embedded systems. FreeRTOS is truly free, even for use in commercial applications. The FreeRTOS license does not pose any risk to your proprietary software.

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Features Include

  • Free RTOS kernel – preemptive, cooperative and hybrid configuration options.
  • The SafeRTOS derivative product provides a high level of confidence in the code integrity.
  • Official support for 23 architectures (counting ARM7 and ARM Cortex M3 as one architecture each).
  • FreeRTOS-MPU supports the Cortex M3 Memory Protection Unit (MPU).
  • Designed to be small, simple and easy to use.
  • Free development tools (Cortex-M3, ARM7, MSP430, H8/S, AMD, AVR, x86 and 8051 ports).

AN1264 Integrating Microchip Libraries with a Real-Time Operating System

Microchip publish an application note showing how to integrate their libraries and stacks with FreeRTOS.

Nano-RK – Wireless Sensor Networking RTOS

Nano-RK is a fully preemptive reservation-based real-time operating system (RTOS) from Carnegie Mellon University with multi-hop networking support for use in wireless sensor networks. Nano-RK currently runs on the FireFly Sensor Networking Platform as well as the MicaZ motes. It includes a light-weight embedded resource kernel (RK) with rich functionality and timing support using less than 2KB of RAM and 18KB of ROM.

Nano-RK – Wireless Sensor Networking RTOS

Features Include

  • C GNU tool-chain
  • Real-Time Priority Based Scheduling
  • Built-in Fault Handling
  • Energy Efficient Scheduling
  • Small Footprint <2K RAM, 16K ROM,
  • SLIPstream a simple gateway to IP
  • Eclipse IDE allows for easy development

CMUcam5 Pixy

The CMUcam extends upon this idea by providing a flexible and easy to use open source development environment that complements a low cost hardware platform. The CMUcam3 is an ARM7TDMI based fully programmable embedded computer vision sensor. The main processor is the NXP LPC2106 connected to an Omnivision CMOS camera sensor module.

The goal of the CMUcam project is to provide simple vision capabilities to small embedded systems in the form of an intelligent sensor. The CMUcam open source programmable embedded color vision sensors are low-cost, low-power sensors for mobile robots. You can use the CMUcam vision systems to do many different kinds of on-board, real-time vision processing tasks

2014 – Pixy is a fast, low-cost vision sensor you can quickly “teach” to find objects, and it connects directly to Arduino and other controllers.

OnARM – ARM Developer Resource

“The ARM Cortex-M3 microprocessor is rapidly setting the standard for advanced microcontroller applications, a fact illustrated by a growing number of leading MCU vendors each providing a differentiated product, but based upon the same standard ARM architecture….”

OnARM – ARM Developer Resource

  • IDE, project manager
  • Evaluation Boards and Single-Board Computers
  • Device Programmers

Aug 2013 Update –

CMSIS – Cortex Microcontroller Software Interface Standard

The ARM Cortex Microcontroller Software Interface Standard (CMSIS) is a vendor-independent hardware abstraction layer for the Cortex-M processor series.

CMSIS - Cortex Microcontroller Software Interface Standard

The MDK-ARM is a complete software development environment for Cortex-M, Cortex-R4, ARM7 and ARM9 processor-based devices. MDK-ARM is specifically designed for microcontroller applications, it is easy to learn and use, yet powerful enough for the most demanding embedded applications.

BeRTOS – Real Time Operating System

A RTOS which is also a OSS. Drivers and Libraries designed for the rapid development of embedded software.

BeRTOS – Real Time Operating System

BeRTOS was born as a extremely modular, highly optimized and fine-tuned operating system for embedded programming. As a result, each module has its own scope and can be used alone or in cooperation with other modules. It’s even possible to use most of the drivers without activating the kernel module.

New architectures are supported at every new release. Here are a few

  • Arduino Duemilanove ATmega328P
  • ARM7TDMI Atmel AT91SAM7 series, NXP LPC2XXX series
  • ARM Cortex-M3 Luminary Stellaris (LM3S),ST Microelectronics STM32

Example projects using BeRTOS

This section includes real world examples of BeRTOS usage. These examples are full featured programs that you can download, compile and flash directly on your board.

DevelGPS – Stellaris

DevelGPS - Stellaris

The purpose of this project is to implement a portable GPS locator / geocaching finder with the Cortex-M3 based Luminary Micro LM3S1968 evaluation board. The device proposes a user interface to configure the GPS coordinates of a target location and shows on the OLED display the direction and distance to reach the target.