Data Interface (Page 2)

Interfacing Cards, Computers, Sensors and Actuators.

Device networking for business, develops reliable products and technologies to connect and securely manage local or remote electronic devices over the network or via the web.

“Digi provides the essential layer of machine-to-machine (M2M) communications — the remote monitoring and management that critical applications depend on.”

Digi – Wireless Device Networking

External and embedded Wi-Fi products make it easy to add embedded 802.11a/b/g wireless LAN networking to any electronic device, or to connect serial devices over a Wi-Fi network.

The XBee Wi-Fi Cloud Kit includes all of the hardware and software tools needed to build a cloud-connected Wi-Fi prototype in under an hour. The Internet of Things has never been so simple!

XBee Wi-Fi - OEM Module

XBee Wi-Fi –  OEM Module – with Fully Integrated Support for Digi Device Cloud.

The XBee Wi-Fi Cloud Kit, which fully integrates into Device Cloud, is a simple way for anyone with an interest in M2M and the Internet of Things to quickly build a hardware prototype and integrate it into an internet-based application.

Digi International Inc.
11001 Bren Road East, Minnetonka, MN 55343, USA.

delabs Notes

Digi is one of the Pioneers of Device Networking or M2M as it may be called now. Some call the Systems applying these technologies as “Internet of Things – IoT” today (Home and Office Automation).

Derived for this Device Networking term, we have “Wireless Sensor(and Actuator) Networks – WSN” in Industrial Automation. In Robotics it is  “Wireless Collaborative Robotics”.

If you see above closely, Sensor and Actuators with Intelligence is Robotics. So the dividing line disappears. The human is trying to make the machine more like him, both at work and play. Communications is important for that to happen.

Lantronix network enablement solutions connect almost any peripheral electronic device to a network or the Internet, enabling it to be remotely accessed, monitored and controlled. Have a look at the Networking Technology Tutorials.

Lantronix – Device Networking and IoT

“Lantronix xPico Wi-Fi, one of the world’s smallest and most flexible Wi-Fi device servers. xPico Wi-Fi is a pin and form factor compatible state-of-the-art member of the xPico family, providing low power, Soft AP and simultaneous client mode, full IP and WLAN stacks. The xPico Wi-Fi is a complete device server suitable for mobile M2M applications…”

xPico – Embedded Wireless Device Server

xPico - Embedded Wireless Device Server Kit

“Enable Your Tablet & Smartphone, Access your data and devices from anywhere, wired or wireless. Lantronix industry-proven device server application and protocol stacks enables seamless remote access to device data, simplifying design integration, all while providing robust connectivity…….”

“The ZigBee Alliance is an association of companies working together to enable reliable, cost-effective, low-power, wirelessly networked, monitoring and control products based on an open global standard.”

ZigBee Alliance – Wirelessly Networked Devices

“ConnectPort X2 is a small ZigBee to Ethernet/Wi-Fi gateway that provides low-cost IP networking of RF devices and sensor networks. Featuring an easy development environment, ConnectPort X2 enables custom applications to run locally while interfacing across existing Ethernet/Wi-Fi networks for WAN connectivity to a centralized server.”

ConnectPort X2 XBee to IP gateways

ConnectPort X2 XBee to IP gateways

RF to Internet gateways supporting ZigBee and other RF protocols, Secure, anywhere management using Device Cloud.

Embedded Systems for robotics, automation/control, and instrumentation. Design and Consulting Services, Educational Kits. Hardware Development Boards and Software Systems.

BiPOM Electronics – Microcontroller systems GadgetPC low-cost 32-bit ARM9 - BiPOM

GadgetPC is a powerful, low-cost, 32-bit ARM9 (AT91SAM9260) based microcontroller system with 5 USB ports for interfacing to a variety of off-the-shelf USB devices. It is capable of running Linux. Can be powered by 5 Volts DC from the USB connector. The total power consumption of the board is less than 1 Watt.

GadgetPC powerful ARM9 Card from BiPOM

Some Specs –

  • ATMEL AT91SAM9260 (ARM9) embedded processor
  • 8MB In-System Re-programmable Downloadable DataFlash Memory
  • 32MB DDR RAM
  • Four USB 2.0 Full Speed (12 Mbit per Second) Host Ports

WebCat is one of the world’s smallest web servers

Turn relays on and off, rotate and tilt cameras, display alarms on LCD, VFD and OLED displays, reboot/reset PC, activate robotic arms, watch motor speed, log temperature and humidity, display pressure and thousands of other real-world, real-time control and monitoring applications are possible.

WebCat Web Server is not limited to HTML pages. All client side scripting languages, such as Java applets, Java scripts, VB Scripts are supported.

The first 32 bit version of the Ethernut Open Source Hardware Family is packed with features like 8 MBytes NAND Flash and 256kBytes full speed SRAM, MMC/SD-Card Socket, user programmable logic etc. 32-Bit AT91R40008 CPU (ARM7TDMI) running at 73.728MHz.

Ethernut Open Source Hardware Family

Ethernut Open Source Hardware Family

Simple RTOS kernel, provides a minimum of services to run Nut/Net, the TCP/IP stack. Ideal for embedded platforms. Configurable and optimized to run on 8 and 32 bit microcontrollers.

Nut/OS Modular Multithreading RTOS

Features include:

  • Coperative multithreading
  • Deterministic interrupt response times
  • Priority based event handling

Beyond Logic – Interfacing the PC

The site started in 1995 under the name of Interfacing the PC and was moved to on the 29th February 2000 where it has cemented itself as an established, up to date source of non-biased information.

Beyond Logic includes detailed information on Universal Serial Bus, Serial Ports (RS232), Parallel Ports (SPP/ECP/EPP/IEEE1284), Device Drivers and more.

Falcom FSA03 Smart Antenna with uBlox 5 GPS Chipset

Falcom FSA03 Smart Antenna

The Falcom FSA03 GPS module is an extremely cost effective GPS solution for embedded systems. the FSA03 includes an uBlox 5 single chip GPS module integrated with a Sarantel quadrifilar helix antenna to make a tidy single board solution.

The Old Beyond Logic Site

  • CMOS Image Sensors
  • Ethernet & TCP/IP Interfaces

How to Use Your PC to Measure Temperature

Thermocouple, RTD, Temperature monitoring is central to the majority of data acquisition systems, be it to save energy costs, increase safety, reduce testing time…whatever your reasons, you will need a device to measure the temperature – a temperature sensor.

How to Use Your PC to Measure Temperature

Thermocouples, resistance temperature devices (RTDs), thermistors and infrared thermometers are all types of temperature sensor. Which you choose depends on factors like your expected maximum and minimum temperatures, the accuracy you need and your environmental conditions.

752-RTD: RTD Resistance Temperature Measurement, Digital I/O, Counting, Analog Output

  • Measure temperature using RTDs or Pt100 sensors, and voltage signals
  • With extra hardware monitor thermocouples and strain gauge bridges
  • Includes the powerful yet easy-to-use Windmill software for Windows: no programming required
  • Connect up to 8 USB units to one PC

Here is a way you can learn, How To Interface PC to the Outside World.

Temperature Control with a PC

This is a project that will help students learn both hardware and software aspects of a control system. Here you can test out an automation program on a PC with minimum external hardware.

When you implement in the field, the system has to be a dedicated real time uC based product on custom firmware. Systems with OS + Software combination are not known to be reliable in Process Control. But OS + Software is good for Supervisory Systems which get their data from Real Time Controllers.

So a front end controller must be Rugged, Non-PC based and Non-OS based unit. This means use something like Arduino. With a Robust and Compact (means fast) firmware.

The firmware should be Polling or Interrupt based but with both internal and external watchdog. Most important a Power supply Management that resets system properly over Brown-outs and Black-outs. Even today some Embedded Systems i have to turn off and on after power resumes.

Don’t Forget, Multiple Watch Dogs and Multiple Power Management for graceful start of system !! Use one big SuperCap if you want. Else people will go back to Thermostats.