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The ICL8038 waveform generator is a monolithic integrated circuit capable of producing high accuracy sine, square, triangular, sawtooth and pulse waveforms with a minimum of external components. The frequency (or repetition rate) can be selected externally from 0.001Hz to more than 300kHz using either resistors or capacitors, and frequency modulation and sweeping can be accomplished with an external voltage…. The chip is available in some stores, not in production. (This is another chip of intersil i used for many things – delabs)
- Low Frequency Drift with Temperature 250ppm/oC
- Low Distortion 1%(SineWave Output)
- High Linearity 0.1%(Triangle Wave Output)
- Wide Frequency Range 0.001Hz to 300kHz
- Variable Duty Cycle 2%to 98%
- High Level Outputs TTL to 28V
- Simultaneous Sine, Square, and Triangle Wave Outputs
- Easy to Use – Just a Handful of External Components Required
Use in Phase Locked Loops – Its high frequency stability makes the ICL8038 an ideal building block for a phase locked loop as shown in Figure 9. In this application the remaining functional blocks, the phase detector and the amplifier, can be formed by a number of available ICs (e.g., MC4344, NE562).
The linearity of input sweep voltage versus output frequency can be significantly improved by using an op amp as shown in Figure 10.
Open Circuits is a wiki for sharing open source electronics knowledge, schematics, board layouts, ports and parts libraries. This include open hardware Music Players, atomic microscopes, PC, PDA and mobile phones, and batteries. Please help us to build this resource by submitting your component descriptions, projects, techniques, and PCB footprints.
Some Projects that look Interesting are
- Multi-purpose Embedded System
- dsPIC33 Development Board
- ADuC832 Development Board
- N8VEM Home Brew Computing Project
The Open Source Movement, typically covers Open Hardware, Open Firmware, and Open Software. The Open Firmware movement provides firmware which you may also know as soft-IP or FPGA coding see Open Cores for more details.
Excellent examples of Open Hardware projects range from projects at OpenCircuits to Tiny Embedded Ethernet Devices and Advanced & Intelligent Camera Designs which provide solid-state camera and FPGA assisted hardware designs. A solid overview of projects can also be found at Open Innovation Projects.
The OpenEEG project is about making plans and software for do-it-yourself EEG devices available for free (as in GPL). It is aimed toward amateurs who would like to experiment with EEG.
I found the amplifier designs extremely good as a learning material.
These are high tech jigs, fixtures and instrumentation/automation gizmos that bill built. Electrical gizmo builder for the UNLV Physics Dept.
These projects are advanced and not for a beginner student or newbie hobbyists. These pages are knowledgable and will help students and DIY enthusiasts understand more about Lasers, Precision Temperature Control and stepper motors among other things.
Auto Fill Circuit for Laser Cooling Loop – Ethernet Data Logging
Here is an automation solution with a ethernet usage. The code and diagrams are also there. This is something that covers many aspects of engineering in one project. Try such things out to learn, only after you have mastered the basics.
“The Ethernet connection is based on an XPORT form Lantronics. Basically it lets you use a serial port to send things over Ethernet. A PIC microcontroller with an A/D converter digitizes the pressure, the pressure set point, the high and low pressure alarm points and the supply voltage (since everything is ratio-metric). “
“I present, below, a collection of projects I have worked-on over the past few years. For over a decade, I had taught both embedded systems (microcontroller technology) and digital signal processing and practice what I preach….”
Nixie Thermostat – A heating and cooling thermostat employing technologies spanning fourty years from the unique Nixie tube display, circa 1960’s, to a PIC 18F microcontroller, circa 2006.
A High-Powered Power Backup Inverter – The working prototype of the 2 KVA inverter is complete. Fed from an array of lead-acid cells totalling 600 Ah (at 12 Volts), it easily drives real-world loads such as single-phase motors. The inverter has been tested and found to operate at an efficiency of between 71% and 82% driving a variety of both inductive and resistive loads
The Heart, Liver and Kidney form a Vital Organ Tripod, on which rests the most Important Organ… Think about it……You are Thinking with it. Rack your Grey Matter with your copy of the Gray’s Anatomy; to figure this Puzzle within.
Any of these three Legs, of this Tripod, Can be affected by wrong eating and living habits. After a certain age, you have to only Eat what you can burn, The rest is Poison. An electrician knows, If an Equipment is rated for for 12-Volts 3-Amps; He has to use within its Limits. An Electronics Engineer knows that he should never go near the “Absolute Maximum ratings”.
Study more about the Vital Organ called Heart, by building an Electronic Stethoscope. See the Block Diagram (SBD) – Digital Stethoscope – TI.com. The sounds are very faint and a low frequency. It is a Bionic Challenge to acquire and amplify these small signals. Learn more about these concepts here …
The SS30L Electronic Stethoscope will allow you to record and listen to heart sounds and Korotkoff sounds.
Here is a another Semiconductor Application from Maxim-IC Digital Stethoscope.
More Reading –