Projects (Page 2)

Electronic Projects. Building Electronic Equipment.

This circuit is used to detect objects by reflected infrared light. It can be built into a cylindrical enclosure just like an inductive proximity switch. This is also useful as a level detector for colored liquids like oil. This has some immunity to ambient sunlight as it detects ac pulses.

This is a Hand Crafted PCB Artwork done by a PCB Vendor years back, this method may be used even today.

Optical Proximity Switch - PCB

PCB Design –

This Layout may have many jumpers and may need to be cleared of Hairline shorts which has happened after i scanned it, cleaned it and enhanced it using image manipulation software.

This PCB would go into a 30mm Nickel Plated Brass threaded tube, with Epoxy or Teflon ends. These were turned components as quantities made were small. An Optical Proximity Sensor that would fit the same place as the eddy current or Inductive sensors, in existing machines. It could work a longer distance and could detect Non-Metals and even translucent fluids.

You can design your own PCB with CadSoft Eagle Layout Editor. Laser prints of output works well, but even Ink Jet printouts will work fine for small PCB’s like this. Take 3x or 4x prints.

This was a Student Project of mine, it is a very basic instruments that could do most of the tasks on a test bench.

The cabinet used, was available as a part of a Hi-Fi DIY System, The Range and Mode switches were Modular Stackable Interlocked MultiPole Switches. The rest of the Interface were wirewound pots, jacks, sockets and plugs. The front panel was Engraved Acrylic, the panel was the toughest issue we tackled.

I wanted it to look well engineered, at least on the outside. It was a total analog instrument except for the digital indication of ICL7107. Thanks to ‘Intersil Hot Ideas’ Applications Book.

The above belong to an instrument Measureall shown below.

MeasureAll Benchtop Instrument

The Security Guard duty monitor below, shown in eight circuits at Digital Circuits – 1 are examples of logic circuits, i have converted them from the DOS Orcad to Orcad 9 and corrected some errors a few years back.

Electronic Shift Monitor - delabs

These circuits can be used for looking at the logic blocks or to learn. This product was built and sold to some firms many years back. Now these designs are best done with a PIC or Atmel chip. Here is the user manual

Electronic Shift Monitor ESM9000

This circuit was done with CMOS CD40xx type of ICs. A RAM was used to store the Day/Time LED Status.

This was custom made for a bank, it was to monitor the Alertness of the Security Guard. Periodically the Unit will Buzz and Flash and the Security Guard has to press a Big Button to indicate he is awake, alert, agile and around the Unit.

In the Morning the Bank Manager will see the Security Status LEDs. All Green means fine, few Red LEDs means the Guard was sleeping or gone away from some times. All Red means Security Guard is missing. :-)

Made quite some numbers but was not profitable and soon similar lower cost clones appeared.