RMS to DC conversion is the truest way to measure the energy contained in an AC waveform.
The accurate measurement of AC for a wide variety of waveforms and noise is difficult. When we make solar systems and inverters, the AC outputs are seldom sinusoidal. The easy method is to use a Precision rectifier/filter, get the average voltage and a RMS calibration/scaling is done for sine is by tweaking a trimpot. This will not show the right values for other waveforms. The other way was, analog computing, with many opamps and a matched pair of transistors; like multipliers and log amps, very cumbersome for manufacturing and testing.
These single chip solutions like LTC1968 – Precision Wide Bandwidth, RMS-to-DC Converter make it easy to implement an AC Measurement in your embedded, PLC or PC based solution.
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LTC1968 – Precision Wide Bandwidth, RMS-to-DC Converter
The LTC1968 is a true RMS-to-DC converter that uses an innovative delta-sigma computational technique. The benefits of the LTC1968 proprietary architecture, when compared to conventional log-antilog RMS-to-DC converters, are higher linearity and accuracy, bandwidth independent of amplitude and improved temperature behavior.
High Linearity: 0.02% Linearity Allows Simple System Calibration
Wide Input Bandwidth:
- Bandwidth to 1% Additional Gain Error: 500kHz
- Bandwidth to 0.1% Additional Gain Error: 150kHz
- 3dB Bandwidth Independent of Input Voltage Amplitude