Test-Measurement (Page 3)

The LM3914 is a monolithic integrated circuit that senses analog voltage levels and drives 10 LEDs, providing a linear analog display. A single pin changes the display from a moving dot to a bar graph. Current drive to the LEDs is regulated and programmable, eliminating the need for resistors. This feature is one that allows operation of the whole system from less than 3V.

LM3914 – Versatile and Easy use Display

  • Drives LEDs, LCDs or vacuum fluorescents
  • Bar or dot display mode externally selectable by user
  • Expandable to displays of 100 steps
  • Internal voltage reference from 1.2V to 12V
  • Operates with single supply of less than 3V
  • LED driver outputs are current regulated, open-collectors

The circuit contains its own adjustable reference and accurate 10-step voltage divider. The low-bias-current input buffer accepts signals down to ground, or V, yet needs no protection against inputs of 35V above or below ground. The buffer drives 10 individual comparators referenced to the precision divider. Indication non-linearity can thus be held typically to ½%, even over a wide temperature range.

My LM3914 Circuits

Millivolt Meter using a LM3914 LED Dot Display
Millivolt Meter using a LM3914 LED Dot Display

Rechargeable AA cells are very popular for a large variety of portable applications. The number of brands is also high, and the cell quality can differ considerably. Cell capacity is sometimes different from that specified, and the capacity often deteriorates dramatically after a limited number of discharge cycles. ….

See Maxim Application Note – Simple Characterization Circuit for Rechargeable AA Cells

This characterization circuit, plus a PC and some software, accurately measures the full discharge cycle for a rechargeable AA cell. Cell capacity and output resistance can easily be determined from the curve resulting from these measurements.

MAX8881 and DS2490 Characterization for Cells

In Figure 1, the simple circuit is connected to the USB port of a PC. No external power source is required because power is extracted from the USB bus voltage. U1 (DS9490R) is a USB dongle that converts the USB protocol to the 1-Wire® protocol, thereby allowing the PC to communicate with the key circuit component (U2).